EBA seed indicators aim to identify obstacles affecting the timely release and production of high-quality seed by the formal seed supply system, by examining the regulatory environment for plant breeding, registration of new varieties and seed quality control.
- Is a maize variety developed by the private sector.
- Is being registered for the first time in the entire country.
- Has not been registered in any other country.
Note: In exceptional cases when maize varieties are not being developed by the private sector in the country, we consider imported maize variety, which may have been previously registered elsewhere.
A procedure is defined as any interaction of the seed company’s owner, manager or employees with external parties, including any relevant government agencies, lawyers, committees, public and private inspectors and technical experts. All procedures are counted that are legally or in practice required for the seed company to release a new variety of seed. Procedures are consecutive but can be simultaneous.
Time is recorded in calendar days and captures the median duration of each procedure. The time span for each procedure starts with the first filing of the application or demand, and ends once the last procedure required to release a new seed variety on the market has been fulfilled, such as the listing in the national catalog or gazette. Any tests performed by the seed company prior to filling an application are not counted. The minimum time for each procedure is one day. The calendar days for distinctiveness, uniformity and stability (DUS) and value for cultivation and use (VCU) tests are determined based on the number of testing seasons required by the authority and the number of cropping seasons existing in the country, as follows: