Global Indicators of Regulatory Governance


The Global Indicators of Regulatory Governance project explores how governments interact with the public when shaping regulations that affect their business community. Concerned stakeholders could be professional associations, civic groups or foreign investors. The project charts how interested groups learn about new regulations being considered, and the extent to which they are able to engage with officials on the content. It also measures whether or not governments assess the possible impact of new regulations in their countries (including economic, social and environmental considerations) and whether those calculations form part of the public consultation. Finally, the project measures two additional components of a predictable regulatory environment: the ability of stakeholders to challenge regulations, and the ability of people to access all the laws and regulations currently in force in one, consolidated place.

The data presented here cover 185 countries: 46 in Sub-Saharan Africa, 30 in Latin America and the Caribbean, 32 in the OECD high-income group, 25 in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 25 in East Asia and the Pacific, 20 in the Middle East and North Africa, and 7 in South Asia.

The data paint a picture of consultation and assessment practices for national regulations affecting business activities, along with details on how such consultation and impact assessment take place. They also presents details on how and where the public can challenge regulatory decisions or access the laws and regulations on the books. Where different practices exist for different parts of government or special zones (for example, independent financial centers), the team seeks to present the most common practice for regulations affecting domestic business activities. Where there are variations in practice, the team notes that variation in the comments sections.

The data presented here were collected December 2015– April 2016. The data will be updated regularly to capture changes and evolutions in practice.

The Global Indicators of Regulatory Governance project is new. There may be nuances in practice that the team has failed to capture in the data collection. If you believe the content presented for your jurisdiction is not fully correct, or if you have questions about the project, please contact us at

Questionnaire design

To collect data, a questionnaire was developed with input from academics, regulatory governance experts and government practitioners.

Particular care was taken to create questions that would apply to the wide range of countries included in the sample and would allow for cross-economy comparability of the data. Care was also taken to ensure the questions would be easily understood by the respondents.

Data collection process

The Global Indicators of Regulatory Governance questionnaire was sent to more than 1,500 experts in 190 countries worldwide. It was distributed in French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Arabic and English languages.

For 141 countries, experts from both the public and private sector contributed to the data collection. For 45 countries, the data come from purely private sector contributors. The team sought government input for all countries covered.

The questionnaires were sent electronically. The public sector respondents were civil servants identified as experts in their countries’ rulemaking process. The majority of the private sector respondents were corporate lawyers; however, respondents also included notaries, academics, and think tank researchers. Where necessary, the team conducted extensive follow-up by phone and email to clarify and confirm the data.

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